Milvus vs. Qdrant on Scalability
Yes. At the component level (which provides more fine-grained scalability).
No. Only scale at the server level.
Dynamic segment placement
Regarding scalability, Milvus uses worker nodes for each type of action (components to handle connections, data nodes to handle ingestion, index nodes to index, and query nodes to search). Each node has its own assigned CPU and memory resources. Milvus can dynamically allocate new nodes to an action group, speeding up operations or reducing the number of nodes, thus freeing resources for other actions. Dynamically allocating nodes allows for easier scaling and resource planning and guarantees latency and throughput.
With static sharding, if your data grows beyond the capacity of your server, you will need to add more machines to the cluster and re-shard all of your data. This can be a time-consuming and complex process. Additionally, imbalanced shards can introduce bottlenecks and reduce the efficiency of your system.
Milvus vs. Qdrant on Functionality
Performance is the biggest challenge with vector databases as the number of unstructured data elements stored in a vector database grows into hundreds of millions or billions, and horizontal scaling across multiple nodes becomes paramount.
Furthermore, differences in insert rate, query rate, and underlying hardware may result in different application needs, making overall system tunability a mandatory feature for vector databases.
No. Authentication only
Yes with Scalar filtering
Yes (combine vector and traditional indices)
11 (FLAT, IVF_FLAT, IVF_SQ8, IVF_PQ, HNSW, BIN_FLAT, BIN_IVF_FLAT, DiskANN, GPU_IVF_FLAT, GPU_IVF_PQ, and ScaNN)
- Milvus supports multiple in-memory indexes and table-level partitions results in the high performance required for real-time information retrieval systems.
- RBAC support is a requirement for enterprise-grade applications.
- In regards to partitions, by limiting searches to one or several subsets of the database, partitions can provide a more efficient way to filter data compared to static sharding, which can introduce bottlenecks and require re-sharding as data grows beyond server capacity. Partitions are a great way to manage your data by grouping it into subsets based on categories or time ranges. This can help you to easily filter and search through large amounts of data, without having to search through the entire database every time.
- No single Index type can fit all use cases since each use case will have different tradeoffs With more index types supported, you have more flexibility to find the balance between accuracy, performance and cost.
Qdrant uses three types of indexes to power the database. The three indexes are a Payload index, similar to an index in a conventional document-oriented database, a Full-text index for string payload, and a vector index. Their hybrid search approach is a combination of vector search with attribute filtering.
Milvus vs. Qdrant on Purpose-built
What’s your vector database for?
A vector database is a fully managed solution for storing, indexing, and searching across a massive dataset of unstructured data that leverages the power of embeddings from machine learning models. A vector database should have the following features:
- Scalability and tunability
- Multi-tenancy and data isolation
- A complete suite of APIs
- An intuitive user interface/administrative console
Python, Java, Go, C++, Node.js, Ruby
Python, Go, Rust
Milvus vs. Qdrant: what’s right for me?
Milvus is a fully open source and independent project, maintained by a number of companies and individuals, some of whom also offer commercial services and support. Graduate of LF AI Data. License: Apache-2.0 license
Qdrant is maintained by a single commercial company offering a cloud version of Qdrant. License: Apache-2.0 license